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In June 1999, the Supreme Court ruled in the case of L.C. & E.W. vs. Olmstead that it is a violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) for states to discriminate against people with disabilities by providing services in institutions when the individual could be served more appropriately in a community-based setting. The Court suggested that a state could establish compliance with ADA (1) if it has a comprehensive, effective working plan for placing qualified people in less restrictive, integrated settings, and (2) if there is a waiting list for community-based services, it ensures that people can come off the list at a reasonable pace and receive services.
- Landmark Case: A Decade After Olmstead, Progress Slow on Disability Rights: ProPublica provides a progress summary since the decision.
- Olmstead and the ADA: A Guide to the Decision: Ohio Legal Rights Service publication.
- Olmstead: Community Integration for Everyone: Information from the U.S. Department of Justice.
- Status of Olmstead implementation: National Disability Rights Network provides a status update.